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Jumping out of the peaceful development path of the logic of national power must be hegemony

Socialism with Chinese characteristics is the theme of all theories and practices of the party since the reform and opening up. The road of socialism with Chinese characteristics has been successfully spread by the Communist Party of China in the practice and exploration since the reform and opening up. It covers economic, political, social, cultural and Modern development path in the field of ecology. After 40 years of vicissitudes and changes, the Chinese road has not only enabled China to achieve all-round and groundbreaking achievements, but has undergone profound and fundamental changes, showing vigorous vitality and bright prospects, and has emerged from the West. The traditional development model of “Ba” has shaken off the “path dependence” on the path of Western modernization, provided Chinese wisdom and China programs for solving human problems, and also injected new vitality and vitality into scientific socialism, which has world historical significance.

Jumping out of the peaceful development path of the logic of national power must be hegemony

On the road to the rise and development of Western powers, military aggression, colonial plunder, exploitation oppression, hegemonism, and power politics follow the example, and violence is its main theme. From the primitive accumulation of capital, early capitalist countries such as Britain and France opened the market door of Asia, Africa, Latin America and other regions by force, and plundered resources and wealth. After the completion of the two industrial revolutions, the imperialist countries set off a frenzy of dividing the world market. And triggered a terrible world war. After the drastic changes in Eastern Europe and the disintegration of the Soviet Union, a few Western developed countries forced the export of values ​​such as “freedom,” “democracy,” “human rights,” and military aggression against countries in the Middle East and other countries. The internal affairs can be said that the history of the rise of Western powers is a history of blood and tears that have been exploited and oppressed by backward countries and nations in the world. It is the development of exclusion, containment, and run-off of dissidents, especially those that form competition. history.

Unlike the long-term rise of the military in the West, China has opened up a path of peaceful development. The deep roots of Chinese civilization, the humiliation of modern China, China’s cognition of its own conditions for achieving modernization development, and China’s grasp of the world’s development trend determine the inherent genetic attributes of China’s roads. China firmly adheres to an independent foreign policy of peace, always pursues the path of peaceful development, pursues an open strategy of mutual benefit and win-win results, upholds the correct view of justice and interests, and promotes the building of new international relations of mutual respect, fairness, justice, cooperation and win-win, and firmly pushes the world forward. Safe governance, maintain a peaceful and stable international environment, carry out different and eclectic exchanges of civilization, respect the independent development model chosen by other countries in the world, share the successful experience of China’s reform and development with other developing countries, and promote the common development and prosperity of all countries.

While developing peacefully, China regards promoting world peace and development as its unshirkable duty. At the beginning of the founding of New China, China made a historic contribution to promoting the establishment of a fair and rational new international relationship, and jointly advocated and practiced the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence with India and Myanmar. The Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence have opened up a new path for the peaceful settlement of historical issues and international disputes between countries. They have been widely endorsed by the international community, become the basic norms of international relations and the basic principles of international law, and safeguard the rights and interests of developing countries. A more just and reasonable international political and economic order has played a positive role.

Jumping out of the peaceful development path of the logic of national power must be hegemony

Faced with China’s rapid development, prosperity and strength, some people paranoidly believe that China’s development is bound to be a “threat” and occasionally throw out various “China threat theory.” In this regard, General Secretary Xi Jinping made a strong counterattack: “China’s prosperity is the trend, but the national power is not the historical law.” (Xi Jinping: “Deepening the partnership to build a beautiful home in Asia – in the National of Singapore University Speech, People’s Daily, November 8, 2015) China adheres to the path of peaceful development. “It is not a matter of expediency, not a diplomatic rhetoric, but a conclusion drawn from objective judgments of history, reality, and future. It is the organic unity of self-confidence and practical consciousness.”

Modernization first appeared in the form of capitalism. The successful development of Western modernized countries has made the modern development model have the dominant voice. Therefore, some developing countries directly copy and transplant and copy the Western model in the development process. Over time, this practice of blindly copying and transplanting and copying and copying regardless of the national conditions and development of the country has brought many catastrophic consequences such as economic development, social contradictions and political turmoil.

Different from those that directly copy and transplant and copy the Western model countries, the Chinese Communist Party and the Chinese people uphold the principle of independent exploration and reasonable reference, insist on starting from their own national conditions, and reasonably draw on all human civilization achievements, and successfully opened up a national rejuvenation. The road to socialist modernization as the goal. General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized: “China has more than 9.6 million square kilometers of land and 56 ethnic groups. Who can we do according to the model? Who can tell us what to do? For the colorful world, we We should adhere to an inclusive attitude, learn from other people’s good things with humility, and digest and absorb the good things of others in an independent and independent position, and turn them into our own good things, but we must never swallow and never take a step.” Selected Works of Important Documents, “China”, Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, p. 60

Jumping out of the peaceful development path of the logic of national power must be hegemony

With the attitude of advancing with the times, the courage to innovate and the perseverance of perseverance, the Chinese road transforms the modernization of “post-development disadvantages” into “post-development advantages”, including economic, political, cultural, social and ecological. A comprehensive modernization path within. These advantages of China’s roads have produced fruitful results in the practice of China’s modernization and development. After 40 years of reform and opening up, the Chinese road has enabled China’s social productivity and comprehensive national strength to achieve a historic leap, and the people’s life has achieved a historic leap from poverty to food and clothing to the overall well-off.

China’s independent and independent exploration of the modern development path has stepped out of the “path dependence” of the developing countries on the Western modernization road. In fact, it has broken the modernization theory of “Westernization” and proved that the modernization is not the only “Huashan Road.” As Ulugbek Hasanov, director of the Modern Conflict and Security Research Office of the Uzbekistan University of the World’s Economics and Diplomacy, said: “China’s successful practice has changed Western economists’ understanding of market and economic laws. Breaking the so-called ‘consensus’ that only the Western model is the right development model, this is an irreplaceable contribution to the world.” China’s modernization road has expanded the way for developing countries to modernize, giving the world the hope of accelerating development. Countries and nations wishing to maintain their independence have offered new options.

In the past 40 years of reform and opening up, especially since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, China’s economic development has achieved historic achievements and historic changes, making us closer, more confident and capable of achieving the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation than at any time in history.

In the face of the era of “the world has not changed in a hundred years” and “what is the world, what do we do?”, General Secretary Xi Jinping creatively proposed the “construction of the community of human destiny” as a Chinese program. China upholds the development philosophy of Hello, I am good, and promotes the economic globalization of openness, tolerance, inclusiveness, balance, and win-win, and insists on building a shared global governance concept and a new, integrated, cooperative, sustainable new The concept of security creates a security pattern of fairness and justice, building and sharing, and constructing an objective and fair global governance system, which points out the direction and path for human beings to solve the problems of peace deficit, development deficit, and governance deficit.

Jumping out of the peaceful development path of the logic of national power must be hegemony

“Building a community of human destiny” is to develop a global partnership, expand friendly cooperation, and embark on a new road of mutual exchanges between countries and countries that respect each other, fairness, justice, cooperation and win-win, to make the world more peaceful and peaceful, and to make human life more happy and beautiful. The concept of “building a community of human destiny” has been adopted by many international organizations and international documents and has been repeatedly written into United Nations resolutions. In addition, the “One Belt, One Road” initiative, “communication, joint construction, and sharing” have also been written into UN resolutions. These not only reflect the international community’s universal recognition and broad support for the Chinese concept, but also highlight China’s great contribution to promoting the international order and the global governance system in a more just and rational direction.

China has not only contributed China’s wisdom and China’s programs to the global governance system, but also contributed China’s wisdom and China’s programs to the world in poverty eradication. Eliminating poverty and achieving common prosperity are the essential requirements of socialism and the historical mission of the Communist Party of China. 40 years ago, China opened the great course of reform and opening up, and at the same time opened the most profound process of poverty reduction in human history. China has successfully embarked on a path of poverty alleviation with Chinese characteristics, which is based on the government-led strategy, the implementation of the development-oriented poverty alleviation policy, the construction of a special poverty alleviation society, poverty alleviation and social poverty alleviation, and the mobilization of the whole society to help the poor.

The road to poverty alleviation and development with Chinese characteristics has made China the first country to achieve the UN Millennium Development Goals, reducing the number of rural poor in China by 740 million and the incidence of poverty by 94.4 percentage points, creating a miracle in the history of human poverty reduction. UN Secretary-General Guterres believes that “China is the country that has made the greatest contribution to global poverty reduction.” China’s great success and its impressive achievements in poverty reduction have had a positive “spill-over effect” on the world. By sharing successful experiences and lessons learned, China can help other developing countries find the best and effective poverty reduction policies.

The socialist revolution first won victory in the relatively backward Russia led by Lenin, which means that the relatively backward Eastern countries could successfully cross the “Krafting Canyon” and establish a socialist system. However, after the establishment of the socialist system, how to consolidate, build and develop socialism, and how to govern the socialist society will become an era problem that the socialist countries must solve. In short, it is to answer the question of “what is socialism and how to build socialism.”

Jumping out of the peaceful development path of the logic of national power must be hegemony

To answer this difficult question, the Communist Party of China led the people of the country to carry out arduous explorations. The early exploration of the Chinese Communists, with Comrade Mao Zedong as the main representative, accumulated valuable experience, but it also experienced twists and turns. After the reform and opening up, the Chinese Communists, with Comrade Deng Xiaoping as the main representative, summed up the experience of both sides, adjusted the focus of the party and the state to economic construction, and opened a new journey of socialist modernization with Chinese characteristics. According to the data released by the National Bureau of Statistics in August 2018, from 1978 to 2017, China’s GDP grew by 33.5 times, with an average annual growth rate of 9.5%, doubling every eight years, much higher than the world economy of 2.9%.

The average annual growth rate. In 2017, China’s GDP was equivalent to US$12.3 trillion, accounting for about 15% of the world’s total economy, up 13% from 1978. The economy scaled from 11th in the world in 1978 to 2010. The world’s second largest, becoming the world’s second largest economy. At the same time, the people’s lives have undergone tremendous changes, accounting for one-fifth of the world’s population from a lack of food and clothing to a comprehensive well-off. With the coordinated development of economic and social development, China’s science, education, culture and health cause has prospered, the country’s hard power and soft power have been simultaneously upgraded, and the comprehensive national strength and international influence have achieved a historic leap.

In recent years, the uncertainties of instability faced by the world are prominent, the dynamic energy of the world economy is insufficient, the polarization between the rich and the poor is becoming more and more serious, and regional hotspots are rising and falling. The common threat of human beings such as terrorism and climate change continues to spread. What happened to the world? What should I do? In the past, the developing countries were mainly confused, and now some developed countries are also confused. In the face of the weak external economic recovery, local conflicts and frequent turbulences, and the global environment, and the series of profound changes that have brought China’s economic and social development into a new normal, we insist on the overall tone of the work and the difficulties. In the past, pioneering and enterprising, and achieved historic achievements in reform, opening up, and socialist modernization.

Jumping out of the peaceful development path of the logic of national power must be hegemony

The economy maintains medium-to-high-speed growth and ranks among the top countries in the world. Over the years, it has contributed more than 30% to world economic growth. It has increasingly become the source of power for the world’s economic growth and the anchor of stability. The Chinese road has not only created an earth-shaking development miracle in the history of human society, but also brought the Chinese nation a new vitality. It has also made the socialist proposition of 500 years of history a highly realistic reality in the most populous country in the world. And the correct path of feasibility, so that scientific socialism in the 21st century renewed a new vitality.

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